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The Niagara Movement: the Early Battle for Civil Rights

Production Credits

The Niagara Movement: the Early Battle for Civil Rights

A Film by Lawrence Hott


Edited by

Rikk Desgres


Written by

Ken Chowder


Narrated by

Debra Wilson


Cinematography by

Gregory Brutus


Animation and Title Design

Amit Sethi


Music by

Robert Toteras


Sound by

Eugene Kim


Mix, Color Correction and Sound Design

Pinehurst Pictures and Sound


Associate Producer

Sharon Williams


Assistant Editor

Eleanor Levine


Archival Research

Rich Remsberg



Ty Jones - W.E.B. Du Bois

Ezra Knight – William Monroe Trotter

David Fennoy – Booker T. Washington


Project Advisors

Aldon Morris

David Levering Lewis

Angela Jones

Shawn Alexander

Whitney Battle-Baptiste


Archives provided by

Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library African American Registry

Alabama Department of Archives and History


American Antiquarian Society

Ann Chinn

Associated Press

The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley

Booker T. Washington, 1856-1915, Up from Slavery: An Autobiography

Brown University

Buffalo Branch, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People

The Buffalo & Erie County Public Library, Buffalo, New York

The Buffalo History Museum

Chadbourne Antiques and Collectibles

Cincinnati Federation of Colored Women's Clubs

The Clansman by Thomas Dixon, Jr.

Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture

Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum, Jim Wallace/Courtesy Lonnie Bunch

Tennessee State Library & Archives

Critical Past

Digital Commonwealth of Massachusetts

Digital Commonwealth of Massachusetts / Worcester Polytechnic Institute, George C. Gordon Library

Digital Library of Georgia


Ed Westcott / Department of Energy Oak Ridge

The Evening News, Detroit


Fort Erie Public Library, Fort Erie Local History

Fred L. Howe 1895 Cotton States and International Exposition Photographs, Kenan Research Center at the Atlanta History Center

Getty Images

Afro American Newspapers/Gado, Getty Images

Anthony Barboza, Getty Images

Archive Films Editorial, Getty Images

Bettmann Archive via Getty Images

©CORBIS/Corbis, Getty Images

Corbis Historical, Getty Images

Don Cravens, Getty Images

Getty Images Editorial Footage

Joseph Schwartz, CORBIS, Corbis via Getty Images

MPI, Getty Images

Nexstar, Getty Images

Rolls Press/Popperfoto, Getty Images

Gilder Lehrman Collection

Harvard University Archives

History, Art & Archives, United States House of Representatives

Historic Films

The Historic New Orleans Collection

Huntley Archives


Jim Crow Museum of Racist Memorabilia or Ferris State University

Kenan Research Center at the Atlanta History Center

Library of Congress

Marion Johnson Photographs, Kenan Research Center at the Atlanta History Center

Minnesota Historical Society

Moorland-Spingarn Research Center, Howard University

Museum of the City of New York

National Archives, Records of the U.S. Information Agency

The New York Public Library

Peggy Preacely

Photographs from the Craft-Trotter family papers, BANC PIC 1998.062--PIC, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.


Sangamon Valley Collection at Lincoln Library

Science History Images / Alamy Stock Photo


Sherman Grinberg Library


Smithsonian Magazine

Trotter Multicultural Center, University of Michigan

University of New Orleans, Louisiana Digital Library

©Van Vechten Trust

W. E. B. Du Bois Papers, Robert S. Cox Special Collections and University Archives Research Center, UMass Amherst Libraries

Washington, DC, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, Visual Materials from the NAACP Records

Wellesley College Library

West Virginia and Regional History Center, WVU Libraries

The White House Historical Association

Wikimedia Commons

Without Sanctuary Collection


Works Progress Administration Film Library





Executive in Charge of Production

David C. Rotterman


Production Executive

Lynne Bader


Production Coordinator

Sufana Wajed



Heather Hare

Elyse Breeze

Christopher Hyzy

Tia Piotrowski


Online Editor

Pillar to Post


Web Design

Christy May

Eileen Casey


Foundation Development

Lori Bannister

Lori Overdorf

Daniel Roetzer


Learning and Engagement

Beth Fronckowiak

Samantha Kittinger

Julia Bibko



Original Production Funding Provided by

The John R. Oishei Foundation

Corporation for Public Broadcasting

Community Foundation of Tampa Bay, Inc.

Visit Buffalo Niagara



Executive Producers

John Grant

Donald K. Boswell



“Niagara Movement: The Early Battle for Civil Rights,” is a Production of WNED PBS and FlorentineFilms/Hott Productions, Inc. who are solely responsible for its content.


© 2023 Western New York Public Broadcasting Association